November 21, 2017

Decentralized HA

Last week was Hackweek 0x10 at SUSE and I worked in this idea about how we could  have a web available, even in the most difficult scenarios, i.e. on a DDOS Massive Attack on the DNS.

I've been playing with different ideas until I came across namecoin, a decentralized DNS based on bitcoin technology.

Then, I had this idea about combining it with DNS Round Robin for High Availability, and so have Decentralized DNS Round Robin for High Availability, or in short, Decentralized HA.

Thus, I downloaded the namecoin daemon and namecoin clients from and started syncronizing the blockchain network... which was terrible slow, 48h!

In the middle of that I got impatient and I just bought the "namecoin domain" jordia65.bit from, which will add such domain into the blockchain for you (kind of a service proxy if you can't wait for the whole blockchain to be downloaded).

Note you can not use any domain but a special zone domain, which is .bit. More at

Anyway,  after buying the domain, they also gave me good support, as my request was a bit special. I didn't want just jordia65.bit to map into an IP address, but to map to 2 IP adresses, to mimic what I would do with a classic DNS Round Robin setup, which would be to have at least 2 A records.

This is the domain in the namecoin blockchain:

The 2 IP addresses are real servers running in a cloud. Actually they are floating ip addresses, but that is another story.

Until here, all good. Then the fun started :) . The trick is to use a DNS daemon which queries the namecoin daemon. namecoin already provides that, which is called nmcontrol *

However, that daemon was not expecting 2 IP addresses per domain, and here is where I did my contribution:

With that, I was able to put down one of the servers and firefox redirected me to the other one automatically. And the whole beauty of this, is that this does not require a central server for storing neither the domain name nor the list of IP addresses to balance, and this list can also be updated on a decentralized way.

Since setting up all this can be a bit difficult for a "regular user", I also did some tests on setting up an http proxy, with apache2, so that the proxy will be the one trying to resolve the jordia65.bit domain ... and it worked :) ! Also the HA part.

Thus, you could set up your firefox to use that proxy and you would be able to browse .bit domains with high availability.

However, as you may have guessed, adding a proxy has a drawback, which is that it introduces a "single point of failure". If the proxy is taken down, you would not be able to reach any internet at all.

All this is "experimental" and so it will need some more testing and engineering, but all in all, I am very proud of the results and I had a lot of fun with this project :)

(*) Actually it seems nmcontrol has been deprecated in favor of , but nmcontrol was easier to hack.


mona ahmed said...

شركة المثالية للتنظيف بسيهات

Mohamed Abdellatif said...

شركة مكافحة النمل الابيض بخميس مشيط
شركة مكافحة النمل الابيض بالخبر
شركة مكافحة النمل الابيض بالدمام
شركة مكافحة النمل الابيض بالاحساء

كوكوالخطيب said...

شركة رواد الحرمين الموقع الرائد فى عالم الخدمات المنزليه والاول بالمملكه العربيه السعوديه
لما يتمتع به من خدمات مميزه ، فالبرغم من اننا مؤسسه ربحيه الا ان
مزاولة نشاطتنا كلها مرتبط على نحو وثيق بتلبية

شركه عزل فوم بالدمام

شركه تنظيف منازل بالدمام
طلبات وحاجات عملائنا شركة كشف تسربات المياه بالجبيل

شركة رواد الحرمين said...

شركه كشف تسربات المياه بالاحساء

شركه عزل فوم بالدمام

شركة تنظيف منازل بالاحساء

المتوكل على الله said...

شركة ركن كلين
شركة تنظيف مكيفات بالرياض
شركة تنظيف شقق بالرياض
شركة تنظيف مجالس بالرياض
شركة تنظيف موكيت بالرياض
شركة تنظيف واجهات بالرياض